Ernest Shackleton was a British explorer of the   who is best remembered for leading his crew to safety after the failed  of the Endurance (1914–16). Shackleton had been a junior officer on Robert Falcon Scott's discovery expedition (1902–03), and his travels with the Nimrod (1907-09) had taken him closer to the South Pole than anyone before. After Roald Amundsen reached the Pole in 1911, Shackleton and a crew of 28 men set out in his ship Endurance in 1914, in the   of being the first to cross the polar continent. The ship was frozen in ice, then crushed, and Shackleton and his men set out in lifeboats after nearly a year and a half on the ice. Shackleton, known as "The Boss," took five men and sailed 800 miles in an open boat from Elephant Island to the island of South Georgia, then went back and  the rest of his crew, all of whom survived. Almost two years after starting out, they reached safety in South America in September 1916. In spite of his heroics, Shackleton had a hard time back in England with finances and alcohol. He  managed to get financing for another voyage to Antarctica in 1921, but he had a fatal heart attack at South Georgia Island and  made it.

Vocabulary to remember:

Set out means beginning a journey

Eventually: In the end ( after a long time) especially if you face problems. 

For example, I failed PTE three times, but eventually I passed.

Fatal: fatal accident or fatal heart attack means= something which leads to death



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